Serving Children with Dyslexia





Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.


Provided by the International Dyslexia Association


Frequently Asked Questions About Dyslexia 

What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life.

What causes dyslexia?

The exact causes of dyslexia are still not completely clear, but anatomical and brain imagery studies show differences in the way the brain of a person with dyslexia develops and functions. Moreover, research has demonstrated that a deficit in phonological processing is the primary cause of dyslexia. Dyslexia is not due to either lack of intelligence or desire to learn; with appropriate teaching methods, dyslexics can learn successfully.

What are the effects of dyslexia?

The impact that dyslexia has is different for each person and depends on the severity of the condition and the effectiveness of instruction or remediation. The core difficulty is with word recognition and reading fluency and spelling. Some individuals with dyslexia manage to learn early reading and spelling tasks, especially with excellent instruction, but later experience problems when more complex language skills are required, such as understanding textbook material.

Please refer to the International Dyslexia Association website ( for more information about the following topics.


Other Dyslexia Resources


Website                  Organization            International Dyslexia Association*                 International Center for Disability Resources              Learning Disabilities Association             Learning Disabilities Online                  National Center for Learning Disabilities                   National Institute for Learning Disabilities                  Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic


 * On the IDA website, you can search for the New Jersey branch by clicking on the Branches and Global Partner icon

and then clicking on search by state.